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NFL fixed grades for desired Super Bowl ref

Boger has clean slate as bad marks were wiped

a Football Zebras special report

This season began with the NFL using a pool of replacement officials who were retired or came from lower college divisions and junior colleges. It will end with the NFL using a referee who might not be the most qualified.

Jerome Boger will be the referee for Super Bowl XLVII. His appointment has been called into question by casual fans and his peers alike.

We have confirmed in advance of the formal announcement that Jerome Boger is the referee for Super Bowl XLVII on February 3. While the NFL won’t go on record about this assignment until after the conference championship games, we know that the officiating staff has been made aware of the assignments for the big game. In fact, rumors of his assignment were known to us Dec. 30, based on sources who had knowledge of the grades and how they were finalizing. We have learned that it is believed in officiating circles that the Super Bowl assignment was a predetermined result and that his performance grades were fixed to attain that result.

We have already reported that Boger lacks a key prerequisite: a conference championship game on his résumé. The league disputes this prerequisite even existed. Michael Signora, the league’s vice president of football communications, said, “the criteria for referees to be eligible for the Super Bowl is three years experience as a referee (and five years total) and playoff experience as a referee.   That criteria has not changed since at least 2007.”

Previously, the league has told us that the conference championship was part of the criteria. In an e-mail Signora stated, “In order for an official at any position to be eligible for the Super Bowl, he must have at least five years of NFL experience and either a conference championship game assignment or a playoff assignment in the Wild Card or Divisional round in three of the past five years.”

That three-of-five provision — that an official could substitute three years of playoff experience in the past five years for the conference championship requirement — has been in effect for the six officiating positions except for the referee position, according to a former NFL official, whom I will refer to as Matthew. His identity is not being revealed in exchange for allowing him to speak candidly and to share internal information he knows about the NFL.

I followed up with the league office to validate the criteria “for an official at any position,” and to make certain that the three-of-five provision did not apply to the referee position. Signora responded that was, in fact, not applicable to the referee. He added that a referee needed three years experience as a referee, five years total, and must have worked a playoff game as a referee. In context, it is clear this is an add-on requirement for the most visible member of the crew. If this criteria was the only prerequisite, it would allow an official with a single postseason game under his belt the qualifications to be the chief arbiter of the largest annual sporting event in the world. But, on a second follow-up e-mail, the league stated that the referee only had to meet this oddly low standard.

The league office could not simply apply the three-of-five criteria to qualify Boger. He has only made two assignments in that time frame, which include divisional playoff matchups against seemingly unlikely foes in the context of the current season: the Jets and Chargers in the 2009 season and the Jaguars and Patriots in 2007. In this season, Boger was assigned to a divisional playoff game, which is common practice to give a Super Bowl official a second postseason assignment in one of the first two rounds.

So, Boger has qualified since he has more than five years of NFL officiating experience, he has been a referee for at least three years, and he has been at the referee position for at least one playoff game. Check, check, and check.

Even if the qualification standards allow Boger to officiate, does he qualify as the best official of the subset of the highest tier officials in the country?

John Murphy,  opined on his program on WGR 550 in Buffalo when discussing Boger’s Super Bowl assignment, “I broadcast Bills games and watch a lot of football, and I would never put Jerome Boger among my top five officials in terms of guys who are consistently good.”

The prevailing casual observation is that Boger is not Super Bowl caliber. But fans are not a good judge of officials’ abilities, only those who scrutinize every detail of every play would be able to accurately make that determination. That type of evaluation is conducted in the command center of the officiating department at 345 Park Ave. in Manhattan in the early days of the week, and their findings are not public knowledge.

But the officials do have knowledge of their on-field accuracy. We discussed this year’s grading with a man we will identify as Charles, an official in the NFL. Charles cannot discuss the grades on the record, nor can he talk to the media during the season. “NFL officials discuss their grades with each other constantly. They know what is a downgrade and what isn’t a downgrade,” he said.

When the officiating supervisors review the video of each game, a report is generated with the missed and incorrect calls, or downgrades. Colloquially, the officials refer to these as “dings.” If an official disagrees with the judgment call on a downgrade, he can appeal it to the officiating department for reconsideration.

Both the current and former official we spoke to allege that eight downgrades were removed from Jerome Boger’s record of on-field accuracy.

In speaking with Matthew and Charles, they independently revealed that eight dings were present on Boger’s evaluations. “Eight downgrades can eliminate you from being eligible to officiate the playoffs. Other officials who received less downgrades than eight aren’t officiating in the playoffs,” said Charles.

Boger is reported by both sources to have appealed the eight downgrades as they showed up in the weekly evaluations. All eight appeals reversed the ding, and Boger was left with a spotless record for the 2012 season. Thus, he outperformed others at the referee position and qualified for the Super Bowl.

Some of the officials on Boger’s Super Bowl crew have graded perfectly without utilizing the appeals process. In   Boger’s case, he has reached the Super Bowl when the requirements that have always been known are forgotten and when the grades he actually achieved are ignored.

“The officials are pissed off, because they see what is happening right in front of them,” said Matthew, the former official. “But, they also don’t blame Jerome because he is just a part of the process.”

“They know when mistakes are ignored,” said Charles, referring to his colleagues. “They know when an administrative error such as a 12-men penalty doesn’t result in an official getting shut out of the playoffs, but instead [he gets an assignment to] the Super Bowl.”

But, out of 121 active officials, why hasn’t one stepped forward and threatened to expose this mess, either through a lawsuit or grievance with the union? “It’s not like any of the guys can do anything about it. If they sue or file a grievance, they will be shut out of any playoff assignments, or they could lose their job,” said Matthew.

We contacted the NFL Referees Association for a comment, and they had not responded at the time of publication. The league also declined to discuss Boger specifically, as they have not publicly revealed his assignment. We did not attempt to contact Boger, because it is against league policy for officials to speak with the media during the season.

The current culture of the officiating department has slowly begun to erode. “It used to be when Art McNally and Jerry Seeman were [directors of officiating], they were generally left alone to run the department,” said Charles. “The commissioner — both Pete Rozelle and Paul Tagliabue — kept it that way for obvious reasons. Officiating is the integrity of the game. To have an owner, a league official, or anyone else have a hand in the officiating would jeopardize the integrity of the game.”

Tagliabue stepped down as commissioner in 2006, and he was succeeded by Roger Goodell. Ray Anderson soon was elevated to Goodell’s Number 2 as executive vice president of football operations. Under Anderson’s jurisdiction included a wide array of disciplines, including the officiating department, which previously was independent.

Executive vice president of football operations Ray Anderson

When Mike Pereira, the vice president of officiating, announced in 2009 that he was leaving the league, Anderson lead the search to replace Pereira. After interviewing accomplished officiating candidates such as Bill Vinovich — who was working as an NFL officiating supervisor at the time —  and Walt Anderson — an NFL referee who also worked as the officiating supervisor in the Big 12 Conference — Ray Anderson rebooted the process and sought new applicants.

He eventually hired Carl Johnson. Johnson, during his tenure, acceded his control in the department to Anderson. “Ray Anderson had his hands in running, controlling, and dictating to the officiating department,” said Charles.

Anderson also was one of the lead negotiators for the league in the officials’ collective bargaining, which lasted until after the contract expired. The league locked out the union officials and Anderson had approximately 20 crews of unqualified replacement officials take the field while the league and the referees union continued negotiating. “He was just toxic to the whole process,” says Matthew.

Anderson is likely leaving his position as executive vice president and Johnson is returning to officiating on the field. The replacement for Johnson is underway, but Anderson is still a major part of choosing a successor. “The process is underway,” is all that the league would divulge to us.

Matthew says that Anderson was involved in the playoff assignments and believes that Anderson cherry-picked Boger for the Super Bowl position. Charles agrees and says this is the conclusion of the officiating staff.

“If you asked on-field [officials] and supervisors about it, they’d all nod their head to confirm it, just like me. We’ve all seen it and lived it.”

Images: Bill Baptist/Houston Texans; Alex Morphin; NFL handout photo

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Ben Austro
Ben Austro is the editor and founder of Football Zebras and the author of So You Think You Know Football?: The Armchair Ref's Guide to the Official Rules (on sale now)

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24 thoughts on “NFL fixed grades for desired Super Bowl ref

  1. The question begs- WHY? If they need a black/African-American official, they could always bend rules and turn back to Mike Carey. He was outstanding in the Giant – Patriot Super Bowl and I don’t think anyone would take issue except those knocked out of the process because of it.

    There has to be something deeper to this.

  2. RE: NFL fixed grades for desired Super Bowl ref

    The real problem here is the whole idea of an “all star” ref crew. We have seen game after game slowed down and disrupted while the crew squabbles amongst themselves, showing no crew discipline and officials showing a notable lack of respect for the crew chief. After these harangues, the referee inevitably goes to the replay, slowing the game even more.

    The replay-based decisions seem to be consistently worse than the on-field calls. I can see two reasons why this would be happening:
    1. After the internal arguing on the field, the referee just picks anyone’s opinion as the on-field call, and once under the hood, he finds himself constrained to two choices: confirmed or reversed. If he sees that the original call was wrong altogether, he can’t re-assess the whole play.

    2. After a lengthy argument on the field, the ref looks at the replay and sees that it wasn’t the way he remembered it. The natural reaction is to just reverse the call, rather than assess the whold play and make a new call.

    Once upon a time, a decision was made to keep existing crews together for the play-offs. Why was that changed, again?

  3. Follow-up toi my comment above:

    The worst example was Baltimore – Denver. We will never know who would have won that game, because the referees disrupted the flow so often and so long, that Denver could not establish an offensive rhythm, the heart of their game.

    Same thing happened in Baltimore – New England. As soon as Brady would get the defense on their heels and unable to rest or reset. The whistle would give them a free timeout to prepare.

    If they just want Ray Lewis to get another ring, why do we go through the farce of playoffs?

  4. First of all, there are no “all-star” crews, except for the Super Bowl, and, arguably, the Conference Championship officials. Ranked 1-2-3.

    The wild card round has officials who ranked 10th, which is middle of the road, so I wouldn’t call them “all-star”

    But I understand what you mean. The “divide-and-merge” format, or individual assignments, and not by crew.

    The problem with crew assignments is that the 10th ranked crew might have a 13th ranked official. That means only 3 were worse than him at his position. The union did not want any of these lesser officials riding the coattails of his crewmates into an easy assignment. So they asked to have it in the CBA, and the NFL agreed.

    Also, the crew assignments were in place for the Conference Championship and the Super Bowl all along. On the whole, that went well, and any problem with a crew could not be pinned to the split crew.

    I think there is an overemphasis on keeping the crew together. These crews are shuffled slightly every year. Because of injuries and other logistical concerns, officials swap in to a different crew for a game here and there. These guys are professionals, and they are able to work well together, no matter who is there. They all know each other, as well.

    Working with the crews is a shadow crew that keeps the game going: ball boys, chain crews, sideline coordinators, clock operators. They all change week-to-week, and it’s just another example of working with whoever is on assignment.

    What happened in Denver, I don’t think you can ascribe that to “unfamiliarity”. There were a few complicated calls in there. There was some choppiness that was on the crew’s shoulders, too. One example was when there was a double penalty (think it was illegal contact) that was called on a fumble. Because it was the same foul on two different players, I can see how someone became aware that “his” flag wasn’t called because of the wrong number being announced. Sort that out. There’s a fumble, which always complicates enforcement. Same with the touchdown celebration that was flagged. They talked it out to determine the helmet-less player who showed up was from the bench, and, thus, not a foul. If mixed crews were a problem, it would be (hypothetically) because they didn’t pick up that flag when they should have, not because of a delay to get the proper call made on the field.

    Hope this answers your questions.

  5. The choice of Ref’s for the superbowl is bullshit and should be corrected immediately. Where the hell is Ed Hoculi ?

  6. Hochuli is too good for pro bowl. It is unbelievable about the Super Bowl controversy. To have 8 dings reversed is just not right. Love this website. Maybe next year you can publish the whole list of officials and there numbers and positions. Glad to see Jim quirk made playoffs in only his third year. Don’t know him personally but live in town next to him.

  7. Hochuli had some issues in the first two games that might have contributed to not having a playoff assignment. This is from sources that we were discussing with about the grades. The shame is that those two games, under normal circumstances, would have been in the preseason and not starting in Week 4.

    By next year, we will have a page for each crew, and a full roster of all the officials. Because of the lockout, we decided to shift the focus to listing everyone for the playoff games they were in. Also, each crew’s page will have excerpts of the coverage we had through the season.

  8. Jerry Boger is a very hard-to-understand referee. I always wish he had taken speech classes before he chose to become an NFL official.

  9. Ben!!! I just want to congratulate you on your appearance on CNN’s Piers Morgan Tonight show at 9pm this evening!!!! What an amazing accomplishment!! I’m SO proud of you and I’m so glad that your genius writing is finally being recognized. Your website is amazing and it gives everyone the perfect amount of information to clearly understand the various points of views on an issue. The best part is that your website is NON-BIASED! LOVE THAT! Thank you for keeping it real and keeping it honest, but most importantly, keeping it neutral. Congrats again! 🙂

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